February 24, 2024 Anthony Gagliardi

Understanding the Varieties: Indoor, Light Dep, Light Assist, Greenhouse, and Outdoor Cannabis

Cannabis cultivation has evolved significantly over the years, with growers employing various methods to produce high-quality yields. Among these methods, indoor, light dep (deprivation), light assist, greenhouse, and outdoor cultivation stand out. Each approach offers distinct advantages and considerations for growers, ultimately influencing factors such as yield, quality, and environmental impact. Let’s delve into the differences between these cultivation methods to better understand their unique characteristics and benefits.

1. Indoor Cannabis Cultivation

Indoor cannabis cultivation involves growing plants within a controlled environment, typically within a grow room or tent. Growers have precise control over variables such as temperature, humidity, lighting, and nutrient levels. This level of control allows for year-round cultivation and the ability to optimize growing conditions for maximum yield and quality. However, indoor cultivation requires significant energy inputs and equipment costs, making it more expensive compared to outdoor methods.

2. Light Dep (Deprivation) Cannabis Cultivation

Light deprivation (light dep) cultivation is a method where growers manipulate the light cycle to induce flowering earlier than natural outdoor conditions. By covering plants or controlling light exposure, growers can mimic shorter daylight periods, prompting the plants to flower sooner. This technique allows for multiple harvests in a single outdoor growing season, increasing overall yield and reducing the risk of pest and disease problems. Light dep cultivation combines some of the benefits of indoor and outdoor growing while minimizing energy consumption.

3. Light Assist Cannabis Cultivation

Light assist cultivation involves supplementing natural sunlight with artificial lighting, especially during periods of low light or shorter days. This method is commonly used in regions with limited sunlight or during winter months when daylight hours are shorter. By providing additional light, growers can extend the growing season and improve plant growth and flower development. Light assist systems can range from simple supplemental lighting setups to more complex automated systems, offering flexibility and control over the growing environment.

4. Greenhouse Cannabis Cultivation

Greenhouse cultivation utilizes structures covered with transparent materials to harness natural sunlight while providing a controlled environment for plant growth. Greenhouses offer a balance between indoor and outdoor cultivation, allowing growers to regulate temperature, humidity, and light intensity. Additionally, greenhouse cultivation can extend the growing season, increase yields, and protect plants from adverse weather conditions and pests. However, managing environmental factors within the greenhouse requires careful monitoring and adjustment.

5. Outdoor Cannabis Cultivation

Outdoor cannabis cultivation involves growing plants in natural sunlight and soil, typically in an open field or garden setting. While outdoor cultivation requires minimal infrastructure and energy inputs, it is highly dependent on environmental factors such as climate, weather, and soil quality. Outdoor-grown cannabis plants have the potential to reach large sizes and produce robust yields, often with unique flavors and aromas attributed to terroir. However, outdoor cultivation is subject to seasonal changes and environmental challenges, making it less predictable compared to indoor or greenhouse methods.

In conclusion, each method of cannabis cultivation offers distinct advantages and considerations for growers. Indoor cultivation provides precise control but comes with higher costs, while outdoor cultivation relies on natural elements but offers potential for large yields. Light deprivation, light assist, and greenhouse cultivation techniques offer variations that combine elements of indoor and outdoor growing. Ultimately, the choice of cultivation method depends on factors such as climate, resources, desired yield, and quality preferences. By understanding the differences between these methods, growers can make informed decisions to optimize their cannabis cultivation practices.




Sun Valley, CA 91352
CCL19-0002656 (Adult Use – Cultivator)
CDPH-10003159 (Adult Use – Manufacturer)